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Laws / IFAB[düzenle]




  1. Football and VAR book


Howard Webb[düzenle]

VAR is designed to eliminate the possibility of the referee making a potential match-changing wrong decision. It will be used to check red cards, goals and penalty appeals – all incidents that could have an impact on the outcome of the game. Webb said: “The obvious change is we have had less important mistakes, which is what it is designed to do. The ethos is to benefit the game without interfering with how it is played. In MLS, we have seen almost 100 errors rectified by the use of video review and those are errors that will have been significant because they relate to direct red cards, goals and penalty kicks primarily.” [1]

The elimination of the match-changing error will not only benefit the teams, but also the official himself. He will know instantly whether he got a major call wrong and has the safety net that if he did, it will have been rectified, allowing him to referee the rest of the game without any mental baggage. The former Premier League referee said: “They can officiate better because they don’t have that doubt in the back of their head that they have made an error. That plays on your mind for the rest of the match and if a decision affects the outcome of the game you don’t know until the end whether you have got it right or not. Now with VAR, within 10 to 15 seconds you get a colleague who has been able to check it and let you know if it was the right decision and then you can move on to the next one and not worry about the last one. That is a real benefit that people don’t realise – that officials will perform better because they have that safety net.” [2]

Linesmen, knowing that any marginal call will quickly be cleared up, will delay putting their flag up and stopping play in order to let an attack play out. This is likely to see more goals scored. Webb explained: “If there is a close decision they will delay their flag on purpose to allow the attack to develop and reach its natural conclusion and then they will flag for offside. We need people to understand why that happens. If the assistant happens to be wrong it can be rectified. If they flag early and the whistle goes that attack stops there and then, and if the video shows it’s a mistake there is nothing you can do about it at that point. The assistant referee’s delay is crucial in the procedure, as it allows for the sequence of play to receive proper, accurate examination.” [3]

Gianni Infantino[düzenle]


“There have been more than 440 checks, 19 reviews in 62 matches - so one every three and a half games. There were 16 decisions changed. Changed means from a wrong decision to a right decision.

“VAR is cleaning football, making it more transparent and honest, helping referees to make decisions. Ninety-five per cent of decisions were already correct. Thanks to VAR we increased it to 99.32%, the latest figures. Touch wood for the next two games.

“Offside goals are finished in football, at least with VAR. You will never see an offside goal scored because with VAR you either are, or you are not, offside. How many times have you [the press] been writing about this - is he offside or not? Now you will have other arguments because offside is finished.”

Infantino’s boast about this tournament producing “zero red cards for violent play” will intrigue England, who remember Jordan Henderson being double-butted in the Colombia game. Sepp Blatter’s successor is adamant though that surveillance is working: “Everyone knows that if they do this [miming an elbow in the face], one of the 36 or so cameras will spot it and you will be sent off.

“Today it’s difficult to think about the World Cup without VAR. It has been, certainly, a more just competition thanks to VAR. This is what we wanted to achieve and what we have achieved so far. We’ll see what we can improve and will improve it. Football poses more challenges but let’s look at the progress and what we achieved.” [5]

Video 95 percent to 99 percent

Infantino admits the system is not foolproof but, in a piece in April’s edition of the FIFA magazine, he said: “I am sure that soon we will reach a stage in which VARs are part and parcel of the game and its flow.

“Right now, while technology is still a novelty in football, every single incident draws attention and is dissected like an anomaly – unlike the many seconds that we have grown used to wasting, say, in between free-kicks or throw-ins.

“Will there still be mistakes? Absolutely. Unavoidable ones. An important component of football refereeing is subjective, and for that we will always have to count on human judgement, which is fallible by nature – even more so when under enormous pressure.

“However, we have an obligation to provide match officials with all of the tools they need to help them take decisions as accurately as possible.

“And, yes, we will be ready for controversy. Whenever people care about something as much as they do about football, there will always be discussion.

“Football could either expose itself to a brand new controversy – arising from a willingness to improve the game – or settle for an existing, inert one. I am happy we chose the former.” [6]




  1. Hakim değil hakem istiyoruz
  2. VAR ile ilgili yazılar
  3. Football is dead! Long Live VARball!
  4. Video Hakem Üzerine Aykırı Düşünceler
  5. Football history
  6. History of ball sports
  7. VAR in Premier League
  8. Handball rule
  9. Ortaokulda VAR


  1. Kazma futbol